Standards, Guidelines, and Legislation

A number of standards, guidelines and legislation exist and are available to help guide your organization towards compliance and best practices.

Legislation refers to legislative Acts, either federal or provincial, and includes regulations which must be followed.  A standard is a set of rules or guidelines which are approved by consensus of a panel of experts, and by a recognized body (e.g. CSA, ISO).  These standards are sometimes incorporated into regulations.  A guideline is a document of recommended practice.

Economics Guidelines by Industry

Business associations, labor groups and governmental agencies have created ergonomics guidelines for a variety of industries. 

Ergonomics Industry Guidelines Washington State Department of Labour and Industries lists numerous guidelines by industry sector.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

American Conference of Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)

WorkSafe Alberta


Canadian Standards Association

WorkSMART is proud to be involved in the development of CSA Standard. Mike Harnett regularly serves on technical committees including Z1002, Z1003 and Z412

  • CSA Z1000 – OHS Management
  • CSA Z1001 – OHS Training
  • CSA Z1002 – Risk Assessment and Management
  • CSA Z1003 – Psychological Health & Safety in the Workplace
  • CSA Z1004 – General Workplace Ergonomics 
  • CSA Z412  – Guideline to Office Ergonomics (currently under revisions)
  • CAN/CSA-ISO 9241 Ergonomic Requirement for Office Work with Visual Display Terminals

International Organization for Standardization

  • ISO 10075 – Ergonomic Principles Related to Mental Workload
  • ISO 9241 – Ergonomics of Human System Interaction
  • ISO 110604 – Ergonomics Design of Control Centres
  • ISO 13407 – Human-Centred Design Processes for Interactive Systems
  • ISO 6385 – Ergonomic Principles in the Design of Work Systems
  • ISO 11228 – Ergonomics — Manual Handling
  • ISO 11226 – Ergonomics — Evaluation of Static Working Postures
  • ISO/TS 20646-1 – Ergonomic Procedures for the Improvement of Local Muscular Workloads
  • ISO 5349 – Mechanical vibration — Measurement and Evaluation of Human Exposure to Hand-Transmitted Vibration
  • ISO 2631 – Mechanical Vibration and Shock — Evaluation of Human Exposure to Whole-Body Vibration

American National Standards Institute

  • ANSI Z10-2005 – OHS Management System
  • ANSI S2.70-2006 – Measurement and Evaluation of Human Exposure to Vibration Transmitted to the Hand
  • ANSI/ASA S2.72 – Mechanical Vibration and Shock – Evaluation of Human Exposure to Whole-Body Vibration

British Standards
OHSAS 18001 – OHS Management Systems Specifications

Legislation and Regulation

The Canada Labour Code is a federal Act which applies to federally regulated industries:  air transportation, interprovincial or international transportation, shipping, banks, postal service, and communications.

Canada Labour Code
Canada Labour Code: Hazard Prevention Program

WorkSafe BC
WorkSafe BC Vibration Exposure Limits

Alberta OH&S Regulations

Saskatchewan OH&S Regulations

Manitoba Workplace Safety & Health Regulations

Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Workplace Health & Safety Regulations

Safe at Work Ontario